The representation of the human figure will serve as the key to understanding visual syntax in its cultural, conceptual, and formal contexts. Drawing on the fundamental duality in visual art between recognition and vision, we will examine ways of seeing in the history of art as an organized observation that is part of a general world view and a device for shaping consciousness. In the course we will focus, among other things, on body, text and space in the art of the mythopoeic world and the Classical world, on the iterations of motifs and Classical themes in the Christian world until the Baroque, while addressing contemporary contexts.